24th May 2021

by Peter Coles and David Shreeve


After the UK’s rather disappointing result in this weekend’s Eurovision Song Contest it is good to report that The Conservation Foundation’s Morus Londinium: London’s Heritage Through Trees project is one of the winners of the European Heritage/Europa Nostra Awards 2021 announced today. 

Morus Londinium is one of 24 projects in 18 countries to receive this year’s top honour for cultural heritage, funded by the European Commission’s Creative Europe programme. The project was selected for its achievements in the Education, Training, and Awareness-raising category by independent juries of heritage experts from across Europe put forward by organisations and individuals from 30 European countries.

Begun in 2016 with a Heritage Lottery grant to The Conservation Foundation, the Morus Londinium project uses an interactive map and database to enable the public to record mulberry trees – young and old – along with any history and heritage stories.  The project team, led by mulberry specialist, Dr Peter Coles, follows up notable trees with a site visit and archival research to uncover their stories, which are then published on the project’s website.

The public has an enormous affection for our old mulberry trees, as is shown by recent protests when they have been threatened by development,” says Peter ColesWhen the project started there were fewer than 50 mulberry trees recorded in the Greater London areaWe have now mapped well over 500, thanks to the project’s survey, which continues to receive new additions almost every week. A few of these trees date back to the 17th century, or even earlier, and most of the old trees revealed by the survey have never been recorded before. Many have survived World War II bombings and a century or more of urban development. Some of the veteran trees have their roots in gardens of demolished buildings that have long been buried under housing, shops, and offices.”

This veteran mulberry, hidden behind the Tudor Canonbury House could be over 400 years old 


The jury commended Morus Londinium’s achievements as “representing an innovative way of learning, teaching, and researching the history of a place, promoting well-being in an urban context, and creating a sustainable way to preserve nature, thus fitting the goals of the 2030 EU Agenda for Sustainable Development. The idea behind the project encourages us to see ourselves within nature and to change our priorities and perception of time, in contrast to the speed of contemporary life, especially in cities.”

The jury also recognized that, by linking conservation and awareness of our natural heritage with the built and intangible heritage, the project has become “a pioneer in bringing heritage issues, the environment, biodiversity and sustainable urban living into the same forum of public and political debate.’”

Following the announcement of the award, The Conservation Foundation’s Director, David Shreeve, said “The Conservation Foundation is delighted to be receiving an award for one of its projects especially as we will soon be celebrating our 40th anniversary.  Throughout those years we have given out a huge number of awards sponsored by a large number of organisations covering a wide range of environmental interests. It is great to be in the unusual position of receiving an award for ourselves.”

Explaining why mulberry trees have a special connection with heritage in the UK, Peter Coles says “Although the Romans introduced mulberries to England in the 1stcentury AD, the real watershed moment came in 1607 when King James I imported tens of thousands of mulberry saplings to be planted on the estates of the landed gentry. The aim was to start a home-grown silk industry and make Britain less dependent on silk imported from Italy, France, and Spain. James’s project failed, probably because of the cold, damp weather and a general lack of skill in raising silkworms and harvesting the silk. But it did leave an extraordinary legacy of 400-year-old mulberry trees dotted around the country. Mulberries have continued to be planted ever since for their fruit and ornamental beauty.”

Friends of The Conservation Foundation and mulberry enthusiasts from across the world are now encouraged to vote online to decide who will win this year’s Public Choice Award. The Public Choice Award winner will be announced during the European Heritage Awards Ceremony, which will take place in the autumn. The Grand Prix laureates, each of whom will receive a monetary award of €10,000, will also be made public on this occasion.

A second UK project, Archaeology at Home, has also received a 2021 European Heritage / Europa Nostra Award in the same Education, Training, and Awareness-raising category. 

Further details of the 2021 European Heritage / Europa Nostra awards can be found here.

A video and further details of the Morus Londinium project’s award are available here.




Conservation Foundation: David Shreeve, Director:  +44 (0)7831 38711

Morus Londinium: Peter Coles, Project Coordinator: +44 (0)77887 11953

pcoles@me.com @LMulberries

Europa Nostra

Audrey Hogan, Programmes Officer  ah@europanostra.org, T. +31 70 302 40 52; M. +31 63 1 17 84 55


Joanna Pinheiro, Communications Coordinator jp@europanostra.org, M. +31 6 34 36 59 85


More about the Awards 


European Heritage / Europa Nostra Awards 2021 press release in various languages

About each Award winner:

Information and jury’s comments

Videos (in high resolution)

Photos & e-banners (in high resolution)

 Creative Europe website

Commissioner Gabriel’s website


2021 European Heritage / Europa Nostra Award Winners [1]


Category: Conservation

Gare Maritime, Brussels, BELGIUM                    

Fredensborg Palace Garden, DENMARK           

Vardzia Rock-Cut Complex, GEORGIA

Haus Am Horn, Weimar, GERMANY

Plaka Bridge, Epirus, GREECE              

18 Ormond Quay Upper, Dublin, IRELAND      

Wooden Church of Urși Village, Vâlcea County, ROMANIA

Besòs Water Tower, Barcelona, SPAIN

Mas de Burot, Els Ports Natural Park, SPAIN  

Category: Research

FIBRANET - FIBRes in ANcient European Textiles, DENMARK/GREECE

Control Shift - European Industrial Heritage Reuse in Review, GREECE/NETHERLANDS        

ART-RISK - Artificial Intelligence Applied to Preventive Conservation, SPAIN

Category: Dedicated Service to Heritage by Organisations & Individuals 

Gjirokastra Foundation, ALBANIA

Technical Committee on Cultural Heritage, CYPRUS

Rita Bargna, ITALY                 

GEFAC - Group of Ethnography and Folklore of the Academy of Coimbra, PORTUGAL          

Category: Education, Training and Awareness-raising

Following in the Steps of Bulgarian Folklore, BULGARIA               


The Invention of a Guilty Party, Trento, ITALY

Holidays! In the East and West - The School Church, Groningen, THE NETHERLANDS

European Solidarity Centre - Permanent Exhibition, Gdańsk, POLAND     

Morón Artisan Lime, Morón de la Frontera, SPAIN

Archaeology at Home, UNITED KINGDOM

Morus Londinium: London’s Heritage through Trees, UNITED KINGDOM

[1] The winners are listed alphabetically by country


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